Archive for January, 2014

Medical Refrigeration for Safety

ID-10091061For keeping many medical items safely (for preserving items properly) refrigerator is must in any medical setup. Medical setups like hospitals, nursing homes, diagnostic and research laboratories, clinical research organizations and in every field of medical research require medical refrigerators. Medical refrigerators generally provide CFC free refrigeration system and insulation. Medical refrigerators are easily available these days, due to the use of them in all the medical facilities.

Medical refrigeration is unique in its way as the medical refrigerators need to have some special features in them. The following special features should be there in a good quality medical refrigerator:

  1. Temperature of inside air should be maintained between +2ºC and +8ºC (unlike household refrigerators which maintain internal air temperature between +4ºC and +8ºC).
  2. Microprocessor digital temperature control with maximum/minimum memory for continuous monitoring of temperature between +2ºC and +8ºC.
  3. The door of the medical refrigerator has to be made of good quality and transparent glass.
  4. Digital display of temperature, humidity and provision of internal fluorescent light (which is not switched off when door is closed). Read more…

Posted by - January 28, 2014 at 2:14 pm

Categories: General   Tags:

Global Health And Economy

ID-100216632Economy and health are intertwined and entangled to each other. As the phrase goes “health is wealth”, the economy of and individual as well as that of a nation and of the whole world itself is to a large extent dependent on health. And many a times political and economic concerns have often guided global health interventions and investment on health generally depends on political will. For example the control of yellow fever, was directly related to completion of Panama Canal, because of economic burden of yellow fever, the disease was tried to control (if the Panama Canal was not constructed yellow fever control might have taken much longer time if ever tried to control).

Some economists and demographers argue that economic development is the key to improving the health status of a nation or a region, but many others argue that that ill health is the main barrier to economic development in poor countries. May be the view which combines both these arguments is the correct view and improvement of health status as well as economic development are equally important. But investment in health care, especially by controlling communicable diseases in poor countries can lead to increased productivity and consequently economic development. But many countries and economists are unable to find the necessary resources to start the predicted “virtuous cycle”. Read more…

Posted by - January 20, 2014 at 1:26 pm

Categories: General   Tags:

Deficiency Disorders Of Riboflavin

ID-100200046The daily recommended requirement of riboflavin is 0.6 mg per 1000 Kcal of energy intake. If a person is consuming 3000 Kcal of energy per day he/she will require approximately 1.8 mg of riboflavin per day. There is no body store of riboflavin and it has to be consumed daily to prevent deficiency disorders of riboflavin. Vitamin-health is incomplete without recommended intake of riboflavin every day.

Deficiency of riboflavin:

The deficiency of riboflavin is known as “ariboflavinosis”. Deficiency of riboflavin is common in many areas of the world. It is more common, especially in the developing countries where rice is the staple food. The reason is, riboflavin is destroyed during cooking of rice as riboflavin is a water soluble vitamin. Ariboflavinosis is sometimes used as an index of malnutrition (state of nutrition) during clinical survey of malnutrition.

The most common symptom associated with riboflavin deficiency is angular stomatitis (inflammation of angle of the mouth) and this occurs frequently among malnourished children (so used as index of malnutrition in malnutrition surveys). Other clinical signs of riboflavin deficiency are glossitis, nasolabial deformity etc. But these are not specific signs of riboflavin deficiency, unlike angular stomatitis. Read more…

Posted by - January 10, 2014 at 1:21 pm

Categories: Nutrition   Tags:

Prevention of Thiamin Deficiency

ID-10068988Deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamin) can cause two major deficiency disorders in humans, beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy. That is why it is very important to prevent deficiency of thiamin and prevent the deficiency disorders. The prevention of deficiency of thiamin is not difficult, it can be done by educating people about the deficiency disorders and how to prevent them.

Recommended daily allowance of thiamin:

The requirement of thiamin is not fixed like many other vitamins. The requirement of thiamin is based on the number of calorie intake per day and it is approximately 0.5 mg per thousand kilo calorie (Kcal) of food intake per day (if a person is consuming 2000 Kcal per day he/she need 1 mg of thiamin in diet). The body storage of thiamin is approximately 30 mg and if more thiamin is consumed, it is lost in the urine (as thiamin is a water soluble vitamin).

Prevention of thiamin deficiency:

Thiamin deficiency disorders (beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy) can be eliminated by educating people (wherever it is prevalent) to take balanced, mixed diet with rich thiamin foods. In rice eating regions rice should be undermilled and preferably parboiled (undermilling and parboiling prevents loss of thiamin from rice). Alcohol consumption should be stopped (reduced). Food rich in thiamin are fresh vegetables, gram, yeast, legumes, pulses etc. and should be consumed in liberal amounts. Read more…

Posted by - January 7, 2014 at 1:10 pm

Categories: Nutrition   Tags: , , ,

Basics About Nutrition and Nutrients

ID-100201199Nutrition is a science of food and relationship of food science with health. Nutrients are substances that must be supplied in sufficient quantity in the diet because they can not synthesized by our body. Nutrients are required for body growth and development and for maintenance of normal body function. Nutrients are also known as “food factors”. Nutrients are proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and trace elements which are required by our body in micro quantity but are essential for growth and maintenance of normal body functions. Water is also can be classified as nutrient and it is one of the most important and without it a man will not survive. Without food a man can survive for more than a month but with out water a man can not even survive for a week.

Dietetics is the practical application of principles of nutrition. Dietetics includes planning of food and nutrition for diseased or sick and for people with normal health. Dietetics also includes planning of diet for weight loss for the overweight (a body mass index or BMI of more than 25-30) and obese (BMI of more than 30) persons. Dieticians are the person who deals in dietetics and do the planning of food intake in diseased state, for healthy persons who want to maintain good health and for overweight and obese who want to get to normal body shape. Read more…

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Posted by - January 3, 2014 at 1:24 pm

Categories: Nutrition   Tags: ,