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What is Neuralgia?

Neuralgia is a condition of a sudden, painful attack as a result of a change in neurological structure or function due to irritation or damage to the nerves without stimulating pain receptor cells which affects the cranial nerves. The severe pain or mild burning may occur on the face and inside the mouth. It is broadly classified into four types.

Trigeminal_Neuralgia_Pain

  1. Trigeminal Neuralgia
  2. Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia
  3. Occipital Neuralgia
  4. Postherpetic Neuralgia

 

WHAT IS TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA?

Trigeminal neuralgia is a most common form of neuralgia that occurs due to the inflammation or compression of trigeminal nerve by an artery or a vein that frequently causes severe facial pain. It mostly affects the elderly people and generally affects right side of the face.

 

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Biological changes in the nerve tissues, pressure exerted on the nerves by blood vessels or tumor and certain inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, sarcoidosis, lyme disease can act as a trigger. Injury to brain or trauma that damages or constricts the nerve may also lead to trigeminal neuralgia.

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Severe, sharp and stabbing pain, simple daily activities such as brushing teeth, washing face, swallowing, talking, eating and chewing may trigger the pain. Mild sensation like blowing of wind, mild facial touch may also cause pain.

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Posted by - May 27, 2015 at 11:40 am

Categories: Health Information   Tags:

Important Aspects About Phentermine

What is Phentermine?

Phentermine is a drug which belongs to amphetamine group. Some other drugs which belongs to amphetamine group are methamphetamine, dextroamphetamine etc. The amphetamine group of drugs belongs to CNS (central nervous system) stimulant adrenergic drugs (the drugs which have similar action as that of adrenalin, noradrenalin etc.).

Phentermine and other such type of drugs are commonly used as appetite suppressants and for this appetite suppressant property Phentermine has gained its popularity as weight loss product. In most of the countries of the world Phentermine is approved (including USFDA) as an appetite suppressant to reduce weight in obese individuals. Phentermine and other related drugs can cause short term improvement in stamina and used by some athletes for enhancing performance illegally, that is why Phentermine is tested in dope tests in sports events.

Some trade names of Phentermine preparations:

Phentermine is available in many trade names like Phentremene, Adiphene, Adipex P, Phenterol, Phentrex, Obenix, Supremin, Phentromin etc. The trade name may differ in different countries.

How Phentermine acts?

The appetite suppressant action of Phentermine is exerted by inhibiting the hypothalamic feeing center. The inhibition is mainly as a result of release of noradrenalin which is a neurotransmitter (chemical messenger) in brain and signals to inhibit the hypothalamic feeding center. Phentermine also have action outside central nervous system in the peripheral areas where it releases adrenaline which cause breakdown of fat cells in the adipose tissues. But the main mechanism of weight reduction of Phentermine is appetite suppressant by inhibiting hypothalamic feeding center.

How to use Phentermine for weight loss?

Phentermine, if used for weight loss by obese individuals, should be used for short term up to 3 months maximum. Phentermine should be used along with general non drug measures for weight loss like regular physical exercise, consumption of high fiber diets liberally and restriction of total calorie consumption daily for successful weight loss. Ideally if Phentermine is used for 3 months also it should be interrupted a few times in this 3 months course, e.g. give a break of up to one week after taking Phentermine for about a month. The interruption can help in reducing side effects to a large extent.

What side effects should be kept in mind while taking Phentermine?

Phentermine like any other anti obesity and weight loss drugs although relatively safe drug but it can cause many side effects. Some of the side effects are common and some are relatively less common. Some of the side effects are mild but some side effects of Phentermine can be potentially serious. Common side effects of Phentermine are nausea, vomiting, unpleasant taste in mouth and dryness of mouth, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, fatigue, libido may be less, acidity, pain in stomach, insomnia etc. Psychiatric side effects like psychosis, euphoria, nervousness, confusion, irritability etc. are also common.

Less common side effects of Phentermine are fever, weakness, fluctuating blood pressure, loss of consciousness, convulsions, hand tremors etc. Some less common psychiatric side effects of Phentermine are hallucination, aggressiveness, restlessness, panic etc. Severe diarrhea and severe vomiting can also occur as side effects of Phentermine, but are less common.

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Posted by - May 17, 2014 at 12:08 am

Categories: Weight loss   Tags: