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What Is Alcohol Neuropathy?

People may recognize the action of consuming an alcoholic beverage to “calm the nerves,” but people may not recognize the dangers of alcohol neuropathy. The generalized term, neuropathy is used to describe issues with the nerves. Alcohol neuropathy is more probable in those with alcoholism and can remain prevalent after an individual receives treatment for alcoholism.

Alcohol neuropathy occurs when a person drinks obsessively over a long period of time and the nerves become damaged. Once the nerves are damaged, they are then unable to transfer signals to other parts of the body.

The peripheral nervous system is the area mainly affected by alcohol neuropathy and controls the motor/sensory skills.  This nervous system consists of:

  • Nerves and ganglia
  • Other portions of the brain
  • The spinal cord

While the exact cause of alcohol neuropathy is unknown, there are two factors found to contribute to the development of it. The first factor is in the fact that alcohol poisons the nerves over time. The second factor contributing to the development of alcohol neuropathy is a vitamin and mineral deficiency from those who struggle with alcoholism.

Nearly half of all people who abuse alcohol heavily, end up with some form of neuropathy. It usually takes about 10 years of heavy alcohol abuse for an individual to develop alcohol neuropathy.  However, treatment options are available for those in need.

Identifying the symptoms

Along with being a constant and heavy drinker, there are other symptoms to identify if an individual has alcohol neuropathy. The symptoms include:

  • Numbness in the extremities
  • Abnormal sensations
  • Heat intolerance
  • Impotence (may occur)
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Muscle weakness
  • Cramping, aches and spasms

In more severe cases, the damage branches to the autonomic nerves, which control internal body functions such as urinating and bowel movements. In the severe cases, people may experience incontinence, urinary leakage, feeling like the bladder isn’t completely emptied and difficulty starting urination.

People may not realize what they are experiencing, the symptoms generally start out mild and worsen as the alcohol abuse continues. The symptoms can greatly effect one’s quality of life and cause permanent damage to the body. A diagnosis of alcohol neuropathy will involve a vitamin blood analysis, electromyography (EMG) or a thyroid function test. From the diagnosis and testing, a medical professional can develop a treatment.

Possible treatment options

While treatment for alcohol neuropathy exists, it is much more effective when the condition is caught early on. Treatment for alcohol neuropathy consists of preventing injuries, managing symptoms and maximizing abilities.

Physicians strive for non-narcotic treatments, but often prescribe the lowest dosage of narcotics possible to help control the pain; reducing the risk of dependency. People receiving treatment for alcohol neuropathy may also attend physical therapy, while using splints and compression stockings. For those with bladder problems, diuretic may be used. In the severe cases, catheterization may be needed. Vitamin and mineral supplements can be administered to correct any underlying nutritional deficiencies and prevent further degeneration.

Even though most of the symptoms are treatable, patients with alcohol neuropathy do not always respond well to treatment. For these people, the issues of alcohol neuropathy may plague them for the duration of his or her life.

Drug detox centers with a program for alcoholics can treat the alcoholism early on in order to prevent neuropathy. These centers equip the patient with the skills necessary to continue a sober life after the treatment program.

Posted by JamesJones - April 13, 2016 at 1:50 pm

Categories: Guest Posts   Tags: ,

Color Analyzer in Heath Care

ID-100132172Color analyzers have several uses in health care industry. There are various instruments (machines) that analyze color and provide useful information, which are of immense value in health care and patient care, such as help in diagnosis, monitoring and analysis of various medical disorders. There are various types of color analyzers used, such as colorimeter, spectrometer, gloss meter, color analyzer etc.

Color analyzers (such as colorimeters) are devices that measure the absorbance capacity of particular wavelength of light by a solution (such as urine, serum, CSF or cerebro-spinal fluid or any body fluid etc.). Color analyzers are most commonly used for determining the concentration of a solute in a given solution, in which color analyzers uses a law (Beer-Lambert law), which states that “concentration of a solute is proportionate to absorbance capacity”. This law is used for measuring concentration of various solutes in urine (such as bilirubin and other pigments, presence of a drug in urine etc.), serum (such as bilirubin, hemoglobin, urea, creatinine etc.).

Colorimeters use a reagent, which react with the analyte (the solute whose concentration is to be measured) and undergo measurable color change that can be measured by colorimeter using colorimetry technique. Read more…

Posted by - April 19, 2013 at 11:46 am

Categories: Health Information   Tags:

Treatment of Syphilis

The causative agent for syphilis is Treponema pallidum, a spirochete. Syphilis is still fairly common disease (it is a sexually transmitted disease), despite presence of very effective antibiotics such as penicillin. At present globally more than 10 million people contact syphilis, annually. But there is a sharp decline of more than 95% in the past 50 years in the incidence of syphilis after advent of penicillin therapy to treat syphilis effectively.

The antibiotic of choice for treatment of syphilis is still penicillin for all the stages of syphilis. There is no reported incidence of resistance of Treponema pallidum to penicillin and hence still the drug of choice.

The CDC has given a guideline for treatment of syphilis in the year 2006 which is given below:

  • Treatment of syphilis in Primary, secondary, and early latent phase of syphilis is Penicillin G benzathine (a single dose of 2.4 million units intramuscularly).
  • Late latent phase, or cardiovascular involvement, CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) analysis should be done. If CSF is normal Penicillin G benzathine 2.4 million units intramuscularly weekly for 3 weeks. If CSF is abnormal it should be treated as neurosyphilis.
  • Neurosyphilis, either symptomatic or asymptomatic is to be treated with aqueous penicillin G, 18–24 million units intravenously, given every 4 hourly (3–4 million units) or by continuous intravenous infusion. Alternative regimen is aqueous penicillin G procaine, 2.4 million units intramuscularly plus oral probenecid (500 mg every 6 hourly), both for 10–14 days.
  • During pregnancy the treatment is same as with general population and according to stages.
  • If patient is sensitive to penicillin, alternative includes Tetracycline hydrochloride (500 mg orally 4 times a day) or doxycycline (100 mg orally two times a day) for 14 days. Penicillin sensitive pregnant patients or patients with neurosyphilis have to be treated with penicillin after desensitization.

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Posted by - March 9, 2010 at 1:09 pm

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MonaVie and its Growth

MonaVie is a Multi Level Marketing (MLM) company based in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. The company started only few years back and is less than a decade old, but has become one of the fastest growing companies in the United States, especially among nutritional and beverage producing companies.

MonaVie, like many other companies has its own website and also have a website for promoting the products and you can check out MonaVie TV to view the promotional aspects of the company.

The products of MonaVie are made from blended fruit juice concentrates and a high percentage of blended fruit juice concentrate contain freeze dried acai berry pulp powder. Acai berry is considered to be a super fruit with very high concentration, arguably the highest concentration of antioxidants found in nature. Acai berry has more antioxidants than commonly known fruits with high concentration of antioxidants like blueberry, raspberry, blackberry etc.

MonaVie and its nutritional beverage products are said to have nutritional and health benefits, as claimed by the company. But many organizations and individuals question the health and nutritional benefit claims of MonaVie and many of its nutritional beverage products. A research analysis of MonaVie and its many other products was conducted by “Chromadex” which is a contract laboratory, found that MonaVie and its nutritional beverage products contain very low level of important antioxidants like anthocyanins, phenolics and Vitamin C, especially in phenolics content. The phenolics content of MonaVie is very low, as low or lower than apple juice, which has very little phenolics, as the research analysis found, as claimed by the analyst.

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Posted by - January 12, 2010 at 11:14 am

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Popularity of Alternative Medicine

Alternative medicine (also known as CAM or complementary and alternative medicine) is any field of medical practice that is not proven by scientific study and experiment. Alternative medicine is the practice of medicine that does not fall in realm of conventional medicine. Some of the examples of alternative medicines are naturopathic medicine, ayurveda, meditation, yoga, unani, chiropractic medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, herbal medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture etc. and many more. Many of these alternative medicines are approved for practice in United States and many other countries and many are not permitted legally in many countries. In United States also some alternative medicine fields are permitted in some states, but not legal in other states. For example naturopathic medicine is permitted in at least 15 states of USA and District of Columbia and 5 provinces in Canada.

In many countries alternative medicine schools are being established for teaching various branches of alternative medicine. An alternative medicine school may be for naturopathy, homeopathy, ayurveda or some other field of alternative medicine. Alternative medicine (any of the fields of alternative medicine) is very popular in many countries including United States and alternative medicine schools are also gaining popularity among students. It is estimated that in US alone every year approximately $30 billion is spent on alternative medicine.  

Naturopathy is one of the popular branches of alternative medicine and naturopathic colleges are also being established in good numbers around the globe. In a naturopathic college, the common methods which are generally used are acupuncture, herbal medicine, colonic enema, chelation therapy, hair analysis, color therapy, homeopathy, iridology, public health and hygiene, nutrition, nature cure (therapies are based upon exposure to natural elements like sunlight, fresh air, exposure to cold or heat etc.), ozone therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, psychological counseling, physical medicine (exercise, hydrotherapy etc.), reflexology, rolfing etc. to name a few. Nutrition techniques which are used in naturopathy are pure vegetarianism, fasting, wholefood, abstinence from alcohol and sugar etc.   

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Posted by - July 24, 2009 at 12:20 pm

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Diabetic Nephropathy: Treatment

The most effective therapy of diabetic nephropathy is prevention (like diabetic retinopathy) by controlling hyperglycemia. As part of comprehensive diabetes management microalbuminuria should be detected as early as possible and effective therapy started. For detecting microalbuminuria annual urine analysis is done by ‘spot collection’ method. If a sample of urine is tested positive for microalbuminuria, repeat the test after 3-6 months and if tow tests are positive out of three, than treatment for diabetic nephropathy is started. Annual measurement of serum creatinine is also done to find out GFR (glomerular filtration rate) to find out renal function.

The following treatment modalities are used to slow down progression of microalbuminuria to macroalbuminoria:

  1. Control of blood glucose: If blood glucose level is controlled within normal limit the progression to retinopathy (from microalbuminuria to macroalbuminoria) is much less, both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. But once macroalbuminoria is established it is not clear if control of blood sugar can slow down the progression of renal disease. If renal function is much less than normal insulin requirement is lees, because kidneys are the main site of degradation of insulin. Many oral hypoglycemic agents like metformin and sulfonylureas are contraindicated during renal insufficiency.   
  2. Control of blood pressure: High blood pressure is a common accompanying disease in diabetics of type1 and type2. Strict blood pressure control is required to prevent diabetic nephropathy in diabetics. Many studies have shown that control of blood pressure to <130/80 mm Hg can reduce diabetic retinopathy and decline in renal function. If microalbuminuria has already set in little lower blood pressure should be maintained (< 125/75 mm Hg).
  3. Administration of ACE (angitensin converting enzyme) inhibitors or ARBs (angitensin receptor blockers): ACE inhibitors or ARBs should be used to reduce progression of microalbuminuria to macroalbuminoria and decline in GFR. Most authors believe that bothe ACE inhibitiors and ARBs are equally efficacious in preventing retinopathy in diabetes by controlling blood pressure. ARBs are used as alternative if there is development of side effects with ACE inhibitors like cough, angioedema etc. The dose of ACE inhibitors is increased till microalbuminuria disappear or maximum dose is reached. If either groups can not be used than beta blockers, calcium channel blockers or diuretics are used though the benefit is not as good as the two groups (ACE inhibitors and ARBs). The best benefit is seen with these two groups only in case of diabetes.

ADA (American diabetic association) recommends slight reduction of protein intake for patients with microalbuminuria to 0.8 gm/kg per day and with macroalbuminoria to less than 0.08 gm/kg per day or no more than 10% of daily total calorie intake.

Expert nephrology consultation is required if GFR is less than 60 ml/min per 1.743 m2. If macroalbuminoria develops the chances of end stage renal disease is very high. Dialysis of diabetic patients can lead to more complications than a non diabetic patient and survival is also much less in them.  

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Posted by - February 11, 2009 at 1:51 am

Categories: Disease Treatment   Tags: ,