Search Results: intestinal

What You Need to Know About Colon Cleansing

ID-100230388What is colon cleansing and do we need colon cleansing?

Before deciding if we need colon cleansing or not, it is important to know what colon cleansing is? Colon cleansing is basically part of alternative medicine (not the mainstream medicine or commonly known as allopathic medicine or Western medicine). Colon cleansing is removal of fecal waste materials, toxins (most of which are not identified), from colon and gastrointestinal tract. Colon cleansing may be done by taking medication or colon cleansing agents orally or by using colonic irrigation in the form of enema.

Oral colon cleansing agents use generally herbal products like dietary fibers, laxatives or some food supplements, whereas colonic irrigation technique use enemas. The enema for colon cleansing generally contain herbal products which is claimed to help in the cleansing act.

The practitioners of colon cleansing and other alternative medicine believe that the gastrointestinal tract is a harbor of pathogens and parasites, especially in the walls of intestine (mainly colon) and in the feces and due to this dirt many non specific symptoms develop and cause the individual’s general ill health. This dirt may also contain toxins which may harm the general well being or health of people. If oral preparation is taken it may interfere with absorption of certain drugs taken for some other illness. Read more…

Posted by - February 27, 2014 at 1:22 pm

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The Surgery Doctor: Treatments Explained

ID-100138899Let’s face it – none of us want to get sick, do we? Unfortunately dealing with the occasional illness is an inevitable part of life. However, sometimes it can be more serious, meaning that instead of being able to treat yourself with over the counter medications or doctor prescribed pills, you need to have surgery in order to get better.


Planning any kind of medical treatment can be a stressful, but by doing plenty of research before your treatment takes place you can mitigate most of the stress. Even if you’re not sick already, knowing that you’ve planned for the worst can be comforting, allowing you to get on with the rest of your life!


There are so many medical centers and general surgeons around, but finding one you like, trust and feel comfortable with can be challenging. Luckily there are some amazing facilities that have great reviews from former patients, like the great team of physicians at Oklahoma City General Surgeons.


Well-equipped medical centers like this offer a range of surgical treatments and can guarantee state of the art facilities and an aftercare package that’s second to none. Here is a quick rundown of some of the treatments you could expect to receive: Read more…

Posted by - December 20, 2013 at 1:21 pm

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Some Important Aspects about Vitamin K

ID-100209371There are two natural forms of vitamin K and they are vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone and vitamin K2is also known as menaquinone. Phylloquinone can be converted to menaquinone in some organs in humans.

Sources of vitamin K1:

Vitamin K1 is found mainly in the dark green leafy vegetables like kale and spinach. Vitamin K is present in vegetable oils also and it is particularly rich in olive, canola, and soybean oils. Margarine and liver also contain good quantity of vitamin K1. Cow’s milk (60 micro gram /liter) is a richer source of Vitamin K than human milk (15 micro gram /liter).

Vitamin K2 is synthesized in the intestines by intestinal flora (bacteria), which can usually supply adequate quantity of vitamin Kin humans. Vitamin Kis stored in liver and adipose tissues (fat store) in humans. If antibiotics are taken for long term (usually more than a week), it can suppress the normal intestinal flora that are sources of vitamin K2 and can cause deficiency of vitamin K. Read more…

Posted by - October 18, 2013 at 12:59 pm

Categories: Nutrition   Tags:

Vitamin K Deficiency Treatment and Toxicity

ID-10042016Deficiency of vitamin K

Deficiency of vitamin K is mostly seen in infants. In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is not common. The causes of vitamin K deficiency in infants and adults are different.

In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is mainly due to chronic small intestinal disease like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, in patients with obstruction of biliary tract or due to resection of small intestine. Treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics like tetracycline, chloramphenicol etc. can lead to aggravation of vitamin K deficiency by reducing the intestinal flora which synthesize menaquinones, and by inhibiting the metabolism of vitamin K. In patients with warfarin (an anti coagulant) therapy, the hypoloipidemic drug Orlistat can lead to INR (international normalized ratio) changes due to vitamin K mal absorption.

The diagnosis of vitamin K deficiency is usually made on the basis of an increased prothrombin time, reduced clotting factors and also by directly measuring vitamin K level in blood. Read more…

Posted by - May 9, 2013 at 6:34 pm

Categories: Nutrition   Tags:

What are the Functions of Fats/Lipids?

Fats are foods that provide us with calories and they are always equated with calories due to their high calorie yielding capability per gram in compare to other major nutrients, i.e. carbohydrates and proteins. Fats are high energy foods and provide us as much as 9 kcal (kilocalorie) of energy per gram, which is much higher than proteins (4 kcal) and carbohydrates (4 kcal). Due to high calorie yielding capability our body uses fats as energy storehouse (stored as fats in adipose tissues), to be used during lean period. This is how our human body evolved during time of evolution to overcome short lean periods. ID-10051758

The functions of fats can be summarized as:

  • Fats supply high calorie and spare the proteins for being used as source of energy.
  • Fats act as a vehicle for fat soluble vitamins (vitamin A, D, E & K).
  • Fats in the body support important viscera like heart, kidney, intestine etc. and fats beneath the skin (subcutaneous fat) provide insulation against cold.
  • Essential fatty acids (EFA) are required for our body growth, for structural integrity of cell membrane and to reduce platelet adhesion (important in preventing heart attacks). Essential fatty acids also reduce cholesterol and low density lipoproteins (LDL). Read more…

Posted by - March 9, 2013 at 2:14 am

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Some Important Facts about Vitamin A

Vitamin A is actually retinol. However, for practical purpose it also include a pro vitamin, pre formed vitamin, beta-carotene, retinoic acids, retinaldehyde, and oxidized metabolites etc. other than retinol. Some of the above are converted to retinol in the intestinal mucosa. The term retinoid include all the molecules that are chemically related to retinol. Retinaldehyde is the essential form of vitamin A that is required for normal vision and retinoic acid is necessary for normal morphogenesis, growth, and cell differentiation in our body.

The unit of vitamin A at present is “retinol activity equivalent” (RAE) and this is very convenient to use than the older form of IU (international unit). IU was in use before 1954 and after 1960 the unit “retinol” is used for vitamin-A alcohol that is available in crystalline form. 1 IU of vitamin A is equal to 0.03 microgram (mcg) of retinol. The following is the conversion:

1 microgram of retinol = to 1 mcg of RAE

1 mcg of carotinoid (beta carotene) = 0.084mcg of RAE

Vitamin A is commercially available in esterified forms (e.g., acetate, palmitate), because they are more stable forms of vitamin A.

There are more than 600 carotinoids available in the nature and out of that about 50 of them can be converted to or metabolized to vitamin A. Beta carotene is the commonest form of carotinoid that is available in our food with pro vitamin activity. In humans large percentage of carotinoids are absorbed and stored in liver and fat deposits.


Posted by - January 24, 2013 at 3:17 pm

Categories: General   Tags: ,

What is Premenstrual Tension?

Some women experience certain premenstrual symptoms called premenstrual tension about 7-10 days before the start of menstrual bleeding. These premenstrual symptoms include irritability, malaise, lassitude, headache, gastrointestinal upset like constipation and spasm of colon, feeling of fullness of the breasts and abdomen, frequency of urination etc. There may also be feeling of congestion in the feet and face. In some women these symptoms become exaggerated and form a well marked psychosomatic disorder.

In some of the cases of premenstrual tension water retention can be demonstrated by an increase of body weight up to 5 kilos which is accompanied by pedal edema. This is more marked if the patient has history of phlebothrombosis. The fullness of breasts can be prominent symptom and can be accompanied by breast tenderness. On examination of breasts, there is hardness and lumpy feeling and there is also tenderness. Some women with premenstrual tension suffer from migraine headache which disappear if the woman become pregnant.

The cause or etiology of premenstrual tension is not clear. It is suggested (but not proved) that premenstrual tension may be due to excess production of estrogen and abnormal or disturbance in adrenal function, because there is always an increase of extra-cellular water throughout the body. This is because estrogen is recognized to cause water and sodium retention as seen in carcinoma of prostate, where there is excess production of estrogen. But presence of large amount of estrogen does not always produce water retention as seen in granulosa cell tumor. Adrenal cortical steroids and progesterone (progesterone containing oral contraceptive pills may are well known for their water retention properties) can also cause water retention, so it may not be always due to estrogen excess.

Posted by - July 23, 2012 at 12:27 am

Categories: Health Information, Women's Health   Tags:

What Medical Problems may Occur During Pregnancy

Millions of women become pregnant every year and a significant proportion of these pregnancies are complicated by one or more of the medical disorders that can occur during pregnancy. Some of the medical disorders during pregnancy are common and some are less common and some of the medical disorders during pregnancy are rare. The pattern of medical disorders during is also changing. Medical science is advancing rapidly and many medical disorders which were considered contraindications of pregnancy few decades ago are no more considered contraindication of pregnancy. Due to advancement of obstetrics, neonatology, obstetric anesthesiology, and medicine, the expectation of happy outcome of pregnancy for the mother as well as the fetus has also increased to a great extent.

Marked physiological changes occur during pregnancy (e.g. marked increase in cardiac output and workload of heart, which is as much as 40% increase) and the mother’s body need to adapt to these physiological changes appropriately to have a good outcome of pregnancy. Medical disorders which interfere with physiological adaptations of pregnancy can increase the risk of a poor outcome of pregnancy and pregnancy may sometimes aggravate the preexisting medical disorder in a woman.

The medical disorders which can occur during pregnancy are preeclampsia (development of hypertension and presence of protein in urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy or gestation) which occurs in approximately 5-7% of all pregnancies, eclampsia, gestational hypertension, aggravation of existing essential hypertension, cardiovascular disorders (like mitral stenosis, mitral and aortic regurgitation etc.), renal disorders, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, hormonal disorders (like diabetes, gestational diabetes, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism), blood disorders, neurological disorders, gastrointestinal disorders and liver diseases. The pregnant women are also prone to develop certain bacterial (urinary tract infection, which is very common medical problem during pregnancy) and viral infections (cytomegalovirus infection, rubella, herpes, HIV infection etc.).

Posted by - April 3, 2012 at 3:18 pm

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Health Benefits of Different Probiotics Products

These days use of Probiotics health drinks and Probiotics in other forms (such as capsules, powder) are used by many individuals with the hope of health benefits. According to WHO (World Health Organization) and FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) Probiotics are defined as: “Live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit to the host”. For Probiotics to have desirable health benefits the number and quality of microorganisms must be adequate in number, according to WHO/FAO definition.

Commonly used bacteria in Probiotics include LAB (lactic acid bacteria) bifidobacteria, yeast, certain bacilli etc. Certain fermented foods such as yogurt, soy yogurt etc. contain Probiotics and microorganisms can also be added to these fermented products. Lactobacillus acidophilus is one of the most important bacteria used in different Probiotics products. The lactobacillus acidophilus is the most extensively studied among all microorganisms used in producing Probiotics. They can survive the gastrointestinal transit (through stomach acids and intestinal alkaline juices), as they are resistant to low pH (acidic pH), digestive enzymes and bile. After survival of gastrointestinal transit, the lactobacillus acidophilus adheres to epithelium of intestine and mucus membrane and produces its effects.

The important question is, should you use/take probiotic foods and drinks? It is no an easy and simple question to answer, because there are several studies conducted by reputed organizations which claims that at least half of the Probiotics available in the market do not have the health benefits they claim. Does it mean that you should not use Probiotics or Probiotics health drinks?

You should use probiotics from a well known and reputed brand, such as Probiotix Foods, instead of going for any brand which is available in front of you. Buy only quality product, as it is a matter of your health. If you use low quality health products (including Probiotics), it may cause harm you instead of giving you health benefits to you. That is why it is important to be careful and use only high quality products. Do not compromise on your health and buy only quality health products (such as Probiotics health drinks or any other health products).

Probiotics are available in various preparations such as probiotics food supplements, probiotics capsules, probiotics health drinks, as shakes, chocolates, candy bars etc. consuming probiotics can help in improving health (Health Benefits of Probiotics), especially gastrointestinal health (especially if you are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome or IBS, inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea etc.). Probiotics also have other health benefits, for example as anti aging, as beauty ingredient etc.

Posted by - January 12, 2012 at 1:05 pm

Categories: General   Tags: , ,

Re-warming Strategies in Hypothermia

All patients with hypothermia have to be re-warmed, but how to re-warm is very important part of treatment of hypothermia. The decision to re-warm actively or passively is very important in the outcome of the treatment. Active re-warming can be active external re-warming and active core re-warming.

Passive re-warming of hypothermia patient is done in a warm environment by covering (with blanket) and insulating the patient. The head of the patient also should be covered leaving only the face open. Body temperature increase of 0.5° C to 2.0°C per hour is satisfactory and aimed for. For passive re-warming to be successful the patient should have adequate store of glycogen to produce enough heat (calorie) and for this reason passive re-warming is successful in previously health patients, who get hypothermia accidentally.

In many cases of hypothermia passive re-warming may not be successful in treating severe hypothermia and may require active re-warming. The situation where active re-warming is required are cardiovascular instability, hormone insufficiency, very young or very old patient, any accompanying CNS problem, if core temperature is below 32°C called poikilothermia, or if hypothermia is due to some disease. Active re-warming is done by air heating blankets (best method), hot packs, radiant heat etc.

In severe cases of hypothermia the patient may have to be given active core re-warming like re-warming by heating and delivering fluid or blood with a countercurrent in-line heat exchanger (the best and fast method), heated humidified oxygen (40°–45°C) via mask (it eliminates respiratory heat loss and adds 1°–2°C to the overall re-warming), normal saline or ringer lactate should be heated to 40°–42°C (but the quantity of heat provided is significant only during massive volume resuscitation) and infused, heated irrigation of the gastrointestinal tract or bladder (minimal effect due to small surface area), peritoneal dialysis at 40°–45°C and standard hemodialysis (very good and successful). All the above mentioned techniques are reserved in patients with cardiac arrest and used in combination with all available active re-warming techniques. In general these techniques are not required.      

Warnings:  Application of direct heat to the extremities should be avoided in chronic hypothermia, because it may cause dilatation of blood vessels in the periphery and precipitate core temperature called “afterdrop” which is a response characterized by a continual decline in the core temperature after removal of the patient from the cold. To avoid afterdrop heat should be applied to the trunk of the body. Electric blankets also should be avoided because vasoconstricted skin burns easily. Monitoring a hypothermia patient in a heated tub is extremely difficult and should be avoided.

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Posted by - May 2, 2009 at 11:18 am

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