Nutrition

Benefits of Acai Berry

ID-100110877Acai berry the superfood of the Amazon has many benefits. For hundreds of years the acai berry was cherished in the Amazon area (where acai berry grows wild in the rain forests and flood plains naturally) for its healing power and also for many more good qualities.

Some of the acai berry benefits are listed below:

  • Weight loss for obese and overweight persons.
  • Improvement of digestion power.
  • Improved sleep (if you suffer from sleeplessness or insomnia).
  • Increased energy and vitality.
  • Stronger immune system.
  • Improved mental clarity and thoughts and also improve concentration.
  • Detoxification of toxic deposits of the body.
  • Healthier and younger looking skin and youthful appearance.
  • Healthier heart due to improved circulation and by reducing cholesterol content in blood.

From the above mentioned acai berry benefits it is clear that acai berry is one of the most effective natural food products available at present in the market. So no one should waste their valuable time and precious money using products that do not work and are not natural products. Instead of wasting time and money you should take acai berry supplements for overall improvement of your health.

One of the most important and sought after benefits of acai berry is weight loss in obese and overweight persons. Acai berry products are all natural and made from natural acai berry and there are no artificial products added to the acai berry products that may be harmful to the general health as a whole. One of the ways of acai berry in reducing body weight is by detoxifying your body of harmful toxins. Acai berry products are very rich in antioxidants and keep our body clean, healthy and free from excess pounds.

Acai berry is very reach and important source of proteins, dietary fibers, omega fatty acids (has a protective effect on the heart and cardiovascular system), many important vitamins, minerals and also important antioxidants (anthocyanins). Anthocyanins are one of the most powerful antioxidants available at present.

 

“Image courtesy of marin / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”.

Posted by - December 3, 2013 at 1:30 pm

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Some Important Aspects about Vitamin K

ID-100209371There are two natural forms of vitamin K and they are vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone and vitamin K2is also known as menaquinone. Phylloquinone can be converted to menaquinone in some organs in humans.

Sources of vitamin K1:

Vitamin K1 is found mainly in the dark green leafy vegetables like kale and spinach. Vitamin K is present in vegetable oils also and it is particularly rich in olive, canola, and soybean oils. Margarine and liver also contain good quantity of vitamin K1. Cow’s milk (60 micro gram /liter) is a richer source of Vitamin K than human milk (15 micro gram /liter).

Vitamin K2 is synthesized in the intestines by intestinal flora (bacteria), which can usually supply adequate quantity of vitamin Kin humans. Vitamin Kis stored in liver and adipose tissues (fat store) in humans. If antibiotics are taken for long term (usually more than a week), it can suppress the normal intestinal flora that are sources of vitamin K2 and can cause deficiency of vitamin K. Read more…

Posted by - October 18, 2013 at 12:59 pm

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Causes of Thiamin Deficiency

ID-10020284Most common cause of deficiency of thiamin (vitamin B1) is poor dietary intake of thiamin. The cause of deficiency of thiamin is different in different countries. Depending on the local customs and traditions the cause of thiamin deficiency is different in different geographical areas (different in different regions of a country).

In most of the developed western countries the causes of deficiency of thiamin are alcoholism and chronic illness like cancer. Alcohol directly interferes with the absorption of thiamin and also with formation of thiamin pyrophosphate. Thiamin should always be replenished when re-feeding a patient with alcoholism. Carbohydrate repletion in a patient with alcoholism without adequate thiamine can precipitate acute thiamine deficiency (because the thiamin present will be utilized for metabolism of carbohydrate). Pregnant women with prolonged hyperemesis gravidarum (excess vomiting during pregnancy) and anorexia can also develop thiamin deficiency.  Patients with an overall poor nutritional status (parenteral glucose), and patients on chronic diuretic therapy due to increased urinary thiamine losses are at risk of developing of thiamin deficiency. Maternal thiamine deficiency can lead to infantile deficiency (infantile beriberi) in breastfed children. Thiamine deficiency should also be considered in the setting of motor vehicle accidents associated with head injury. Read more…

Posted by - September 30, 2013 at 11:44 am

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What are the Deficiency Disorders of Niacin?

ID-100141688Deficiency of niacin causes pellagra. Pellagra was once a widespread disease, especially in certain areas. It was highly prevalent in certain poor regions of the world due to malnutrition. At present pellagra has declined significantly throughout the world, but pellagra is still prevalent in some parts of the world like Western parts of Asia and Southern parts of Africa, as in these regions poor people sustain only on maize and little else and in the maize niacin is present in the “bound” form and not available for use by human body. Human body can not free the bound form of niacin from maize.

Pellagra is traditionally a disease of maize eating regions, where maize is the staple diet and it occurs among poor people as they eat mainly maize and very little else and do not get enough niacin from other food sources (as they consume very little of other foods). That is why pellagra is still prevalent in many maize eating areas of the world where poverty is still predominant.

Although pellagra is predominantly a disease of maize eating regions in some parts of India (like in some segment of Telangana area of Andhra Pradesh State of India) pellagra is reported. In a study it was found that the pellagra in that area is due to consumption of Sorghum vulgare (locally known as jowar) as staple diet and traditionally people are pure vegetarians in the area and do not consume milk or foods of other animal origin. In the study it was found that there is excess of an amino acid leucin in Sorghum vulgare or jowar, which cause imbalance in amino acids and excess leucin interfere with conversion of tryptophan to niacin, thereby causing deficiency of niacin and consequently pellagra results. Read more…

Posted by - September 23, 2013 at 12:35 pm

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Should You Use Phentermine?

ID-10073371Phentermine is an appetite suppressant drug that is approved (including USFDA) for use in obesity. Since 1959, the year of FDA approval of Phentermine, it is being used for various medical conditions, including weight reduction in obese people. Phentermine is an amphetamine class drug with many similarities to amphetamine. Phentermine should not be used for more than 2-3 month as it does not have weight loss effect after 2-3 months of use, as Phentermine develops tolerance to the appetite suppressant effect and if continued for more than 3 months it may cause rebound weight gain, which will frustrate the obese person taking Phentermine.

If dietary restriction, regular physical exercise lifestyle modification etc. (which are general measures of weight loss program) are not followed strictly, Phentermine may not give the desired results and fail to reduce weight in obese individuals. All these general measures are also required for maintaining body weight after losing it, as Phentermine is not useful in maintaining normal body weight after bringing it down to normal.

Obese people:

Phentermine can be used by obese people to reduce body weight. Obesity is the term used when BMI (body mass index) of a person is more than 30, which is below 25 in normal individuals. If a person’s BMI is 25 to 30 it is termed overweight. Phentermine should be used by obese individuals (and preferably by individuals with BMI more than 35 when some other medication or method of weight reduction like diet and regular physical exercise has failed) only and not by overweight persons. Phentermine should not be used as first line treatment of obesity, it should be used for short term of 2-3 months only and when other methods are not working or suitable for a particular obese person. All these precautions are taken before starting Phentermine, because of addiction liability and certain potentially serious side effects and also Phentermine is not useful in long run. Phentermine can help in reducing weight in obese individuals, if combined with exercise, diet and behavior modification, but it can not sustain normal body weight in long term and for this reason Phentermine used for short term only. Read more…

Posted by - September 12, 2013 at 11:56 am

Categories: Health Information, Nutrition   Tags: ,

How to Prevent Niacin Deficiency?

ID-100167598Niacin deficiency in diet cause pellagra and it is a serious disease. Pellagra is a preventable serious disease and prevention of pellagra and other niacin deficiency disorders is not difficult at all.

What is the daily requirement of niacin? 

The daily requirement of niacin (RDA or Recommended Daily Allowance of niacin) is approximately 6.6 mgs per 1000 kcal of energy intake e.g. if a person is consuming 3,000 kcal of energy per day he/she will require 19.8 mgs of niacin per day. For adults the normal requirement is generally 15-20 mgs per day. During pregnancy additional 2 mgs per day is required and during lactation (breast feeding) and additional 3 mgs per day is required. For infants the daily requirement is approximately 650-700 mcg per kilo of body weight.

The main aspect of prevention of niacin deficiency and pellagra is to educate the vulnerable population about the seriousness of the disease and also to make them understand that pellagra is easily preventable. The only thing required to prevent pellagra is to bring some variation in the food we eat and addition of milk and any food of animal origin is enough to prevent niacin deficiency and pellagra which is universally accepted as the way of prevention of pellagra. As niacin deficiency and pellagra is generally seen only in maize eating population addition of another cereal with maize in the staple diet can also prevent the disease to some extent. Read more…

Posted by - August 20, 2013 at 11:45 am

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What are the Health Benefits of Tea

ID-10046439Tea has many health benefits and we all are aware of it. The enormous health benefits of tea can be best explained by a Chinese proverb “you can go without food for a week, but can not go without tea for a day”. Tea is a source of several healthy ingredients such as antioxidants, minerals and vitamins to name a few. Tea is only next to water for replacing fluid in our body, and water only replace the body fluid but tea can supply many nutrients along with replacing water for the body.

Some of the health benefits of tea are mentioned here and they are

  • Tea has anticancer properties and tea is credited with preventing certain cancers due to presence of large amounts of antioxidants in tea.
  • Tea can boost mental alertness and help to remain awake and very helpful for students, especially before exams. Tea helps in remaining calm as well as alert.
  • Tea has some anti diabetic properties and can postpone development of type II diabetes among susceptible individuals. Read more…

Posted by - June 24, 2013 at 11:58 am

Categories: Health Information, Nutrition   Tags: ,

Nutritional Contents of Apple

ID-100116213It is important to know the nutritive values of apple to understand the health benefits of apple. Knowing the nutritive values of apple also makes it easier to for us to decide how much apple per day should we consume and how much is recommended daily by nutritionists and nutrition scientists and why.

The nutritive values of apple per 100 grams are given below:

Major components:

  • Calorie: 60 (approximately)
  • Water: approximately 83 grams
  • Protein: 0.2 gram
  • Total fat: 0.35 gram
  • Carbohydrates: approximately 14 grams
  • Dietary fibers: 2.7 grams

Vitamins:

  • Vitamin A: 900 I.U. (international units)
  • Vitamin B1: 0.07 mg
  • Vitamin B2: 0.05 mg
  • Niacin: 0.07 mg
  • Pantothenic acid (B5): 0.06 mg
  • Vitamin B6: 0.04 mg
  • Folic acid: 2.8 mgs
  • Vitamin B12: nil
  • Vitamin C: 5.7 mgs
  • Vitamin E: 0.32 mg

Read more…

Posted by - May 30, 2013 at 11:39 am

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Health Benefits of Apple

ID-100140646Apple is the most commonly eaten fruit in the world, as apple production is largest among all fruits in the world. There are several health benefits of apple. Apple is a health fruit (as most of the fruits are) with many benefits and apple has the following health benefits:

  1. Apple contains large quantities of vitamins and minerals, which can strengthen immune system of our body. Vitamins and minerals are the essential components of our immune system and they are also required in routine body function.
  2. Apple is very rich in antioxidants like, flavonoid, polyphenols etc. which are mainly present in the skin of apple. 100 gram of whole apple (including skin) can provide antioxidant which is equivalent to the antioxidant effect of 1500 mg of vitamin C. Antioxidants are the most effective fighter against development of cancer in humans.
  3. The tartaric acid and malic acid that are present in apple in high amount can help in preventing liver problems and digestion problems.
  4. Eating of at least one apple a day can help in controlling blood cholesterol level to normal limit. By keeping blood cholesterol level under control, apples can prevent many heart diseases from emerging and keep us healthy. Read more…

Posted by - May 20, 2013 at 11:39 am

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Vitamin K Deficiency Treatment and Toxicity

ID-10042016Deficiency of vitamin K

Deficiency of vitamin K is mostly seen in infants. In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is not common. The causes of vitamin K deficiency in infants and adults are different.

In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is mainly due to chronic small intestinal disease like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, in patients with obstruction of biliary tract or due to resection of small intestine. Treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics like tetracycline, chloramphenicol etc. can lead to aggravation of vitamin K deficiency by reducing the intestinal flora which synthesize menaquinones, and by inhibiting the metabolism of vitamin K. In patients with warfarin (an anti coagulant) therapy, the hypoloipidemic drug Orlistat can lead to INR (international normalized ratio) changes due to vitamin K mal absorption.

The diagnosis of vitamin K deficiency is usually made on the basis of an increased prothrombin time, reduced clotting factors and also by directly measuring vitamin K level in blood. Read more…

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Posted by - May 9, 2013 at 6:34 pm

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