Cereals, Vegetables And Fruits For Diabetics

ID-100128930For diabetics, dietary modification is an integral part of optimal management of diabetes. Amount of fiber and carbohydrate in the diet is very important for diabetics for control of blood glucose. Excess carbohydrate in the diet may make it very difficult to maintain blood sugar even with high doses of insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents/drugs. Cereals, vegetables and fruits should form a major portion of diet by diabetic individuals; hence planning of diet should focus on cereals, vegetables and fruits.

Most of the cereals, vegetables and fruits contain high amount of dietary fiber and good for diabetics. However, there are some cereals, vegetables and fruits that should be better avoided by diabetics, because they may cause rapid rise of blood sugar level in diabetic individuals.

Cereals for diabetes:

A diabetic should eat high fiber whole grains, such as whole wheat or whole-wheat flour, maize, brown rice, millet etc. However, one should avoid refined rice, white bread, noodles, macaroni etc. because they may cause rapid rise in blood sugar level.

Vegetables for diabetes:

Most of the vegetables are good for diabetics and a diet of diabetic should contain a major portion as fresh vegetables. Vegetables are one of the richest sources of dietary fiber (especially leafy vegetables such as spinach, amaranth, cabbage, lettuce etc.) and help in lowering blood glucose level in diabetic individuals. Some high fiber vegetables include leafy vegetables, beans, broccoli, peas, pumpkin, gourds, eggplant, okra, cucumber, tomatoes etc. Make sure to have a major portion of your diet as vegetable and help well maintain your blood glucose. Low fiber vegetables are only a few, such as potato, which is also having high glycemic index and should be avoided by diabetics.

Fruits for diabetes:

Most of the fruits also have high fiber, but a diabetic should be selective while eating fruits, because many fruits have high carbohydrate content in the form of easily absorb-able sucrose and fructose, which can cause rapid rise in blood sugar level. Some fruits with high fiber content and recommended for diabetics include, guava, apple, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, strawberries etc. Some fruits have low fiber and very high carbohydrate and should be avoided (ideally) or consumed in limited amount include, pineapple, banana, papaya etc.


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