Diabetic? Eat High Fiber Diet

ID-100199088Diabetes is a metabolic disorder with problem of carbohydrate metabolism and utilization of insulin for metabolism of carbohydrate (especially glucose). Diabetes is a common medical disorder that can affect individuals of any age, although individuals of past middle age with obesity, sedentary lifestyle and a genetic predisposition are at greater risk of diabetes, in compare to common people.

Common form of diabetes in type 2 diabetes, which is also known as NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). Diabetes can prevented by regular physical exercise and by eating healthy diet that is suitable for diabetics. Proper diet and regular physical exercise can also help in reducing blood glucose level and make available insulin better utilized. In type 2 diabetes genetic factors play an important role in causation of the disease (unlike IDDM or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus).

Diet is very important in proper management of diabetes and blood sugar. It is important to eat a diet that is rich in dietary fibers and manage diabetes optimally. Several studies have shown that diet and regular physical exercise plays an important role in causation of diabetes.

Diet rich in fiber contain fewer calories and fewer carbohydrates. Fewer calories help in reducing obesity and fewer carbohydrates help in controlling blood sugar. Hence, eating high fiber diet by diabetics has dual benefits in diabetes (hence high fiber diet is recommended), better control of blood sugar and body weight reduction, which itself is good for optimal diabetes management. Hence, for better management of diabetes, all diabetics should know about various foods that are high in fiber content and make sure to eat these foods as daily diet. 

Diet rich in fiber include:

  • Vegetables (especially leafy vegetables) are rich in fiber and very low in calorie. Some of the vegetables with high fiber content are, spinach, cabbage, amaranth, cauliflower, okra, eggplant, pumpkin, gourds, beans, tomatoes, lettuce etc. Only few vegetables contain low fiber such as potatoes, hence it is better to avoid potatoes, if you are diabetic.
  • Fruits are also rich in fiber, although many fruits contain high sugar/carbohydrate content. That is why; diabetic individuals need to be selective while eating fruits. Fruits with high fiber and low carbohydrate content include guava, pears, berries, watermelon etc.
  • Cereals contain good amount of fiber. It is better to eat whole cereals and avoid refined cereals. Cereals form major chunk of or daily diet and important in management of diabetes. For better control of diabetes, cereal consumption should be reduced and replaced with fresh vegetables.

 

“Image courtesy of Praisaeng / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”.

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