Everything You Need to Know about Prostate Cancer

 

Prostate cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells develop in prostrates, and multiply uncontrollably. This causes the disease to spread into nearby areas or even distant body parts depending on the severity.

Prostate cancer can either be low grade or high grade. In the former case, the disease grows slowly and the symptoms aren’t apparent in the early stages. Low grade cancer isn’t lethal. However high grade prostate cancer is fatal and spreads quickly through the body. It can only be treated and cure when managed appropriately.

Here are some key facts which you should know about prostate cancer.

The Organ

Prostate cancer initiates from your prostate, which is a part of male reproductive system. Resembling a walnut, this gland has a small size but it plays an important role in regulating your urine flow and semen production.

Survival Chances

Prostate cancer was the fourth most common cancer type in Australia in 2017. In 2018, 17,729 new cases of prostate cancer are expected to show up, which equal to around 23.8% of all new cases. But also keep in mind that the chances of survival are as high as 95%.

Early Detection

Some symptoms do exist for prostate cancer like urgent urination needs, discomfort when doing so, blood in the semen or urine and pain in the lower part of your body. But all these can also be symptoms of other diseases. So visit your doctor and take their advice if you experience any one of them.

Generally, treatment for prostate cancer is most effective if the disease is detected at an early stage.  The survival rate increases up to 99% in this case.

Diagnosis

Targetingcancer.com.au detects prostate cancer through a blood test or a digital rectal examination or DRE. The first of these tests shows if levels of a specific protein have increased. Accordingly, further investigation is carried out. Higher values don’t always mean that you may be suffering from prostate cancer. DRE involves the doctor assessing the size of your prostate and checking for abnormalities.

Biopsy is performed after the above two tests have been carried out.  Only then can your doctor confirm whether or not you’re suffering from prostate cancer.

Risk Factors

Generally one out of 7 men is diagnosed with prostate cancer. Common risk factors include increasing age, family history and even your ethnicity to a certain extent.

While increasing age does increase chances, it doesn’t mean that only old men are expected to suffer from prostate cancer. Younger men can also be diagnosed, and as per the numbers, 1 of 325 men will be diagnosed with this disease before they cross 50.

Risk Reduction

You can reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer if you lead a healthy lifestyle. Work out regularly, eat right, drink lots of water and keep a check on your weight. Also quit smoking and drinking.  In general, anything that you do to keep your heart healthy also reduces your risk of prostate cancer and helps you fight the disease.

 

Image courtesy of Stuart Miles at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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