What is Neuralgia?

Neuralgia is a condition of a sudden, painful attack as a result of a change in neurological structure or function due to irritation or damage to the nerves without stimulating pain receptor cells which affects the cranial nerves. The severe pain or mild burning may occur on the face and inside the mouth. It is broadly classified into four types.


  1. Trigeminal Neuralgia
  2. Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia
  3. Occipital Neuralgia
  4. Postherpetic Neuralgia



Trigeminal neuralgia is a most common form of neuralgia that occurs due to the inflammation or compression of trigeminal nerve by an artery or a vein that frequently causes severe facial pain. It mostly affects the elderly people and generally affects right side of the face.



Biological changes in the nerve tissues, pressure exerted on the nerves by blood vessels or tumor and certain inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, sarcoidosis, lyme disease can act as a trigger. Injury to brain or trauma that damages or constricts the nerve may also lead to trigeminal neuralgia.



Severe, sharp and stabbing pain, simple daily activities such as brushing teeth, washing face, swallowing, talking, eating and chewing may trigger the pain. Mild sensation like blowing of wind, mild facial touch may also cause pain.




  • Today, most people suffering from trigeminal neuralgia are prescribed medications or suggested to opt for surgery along with diet regimen and simple lifestyle.
  • Avoid eating very cold, hot or spicy food which may worsen the pain. Eat nutritious meal. Increase intake of mushy food or liquidise the food as some people may have difficulty in chewing.
  • Drink liquid using a straw as this will avoid unnecessary contact of liquid with painful areas of mouth.
  • Avoid triggers that may initiate painful attacks. If the pain is triggered by wind then wear a scarf, don’t sit near the window.
  • High protein diet and low fat diet can effectively curb trigeminal neuralgia pain.
  • Antioxidant property of vitamin E helps to relieve neuralgia pain.
  • Omega 3 fatty acids is necessary to maintain the ratio of good and bad cholesterol, thus reducing the risk of cholesterol inflammation It also reduces the risk of plaque forming in the arterial wall, thus also decreasing the risk of stroke,
  • Decaffeinated green tea has immunomodulatory effects and antimicrobial activity.
  • Involve saturated fats in the diet as this will permit proper growth and maintenance of nerve cell membrane and neurotransmitters. Do not over dose as the intake.
  • Vitamin C rich diet will help to evade off harmful free radicals, curb cell mutation and enhance immune system.
  • Vitamin B12 natural supplement promotes the healthy nerve functions.
  • Acupuncture can be used to treat the pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia as it corrects the pattern of disharmony to restore the normal balance to the body.
  • Papaya is a very beneficial as it possesses anti tumor property, immunomodulatory effects, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.
  • Opt for natural diet containing fresh fruits and leafy vegetables.
  • Prefer more fruits like apples, peaches, pears, kiwis.
  • Limit intake of tea and coffee.
  • No soft drink. Only fresh juices. Not even preserved one.
  • No junk, packed and fried foods.
  • Do not prefer outside just have healthy diet at home.
  • No noodles, pasta, Maggie, biscuits of white flour etc.
  • Keep yourself active and do not take any kind of mental stress.



Dr. Vikram Chauhan is MD in Ayurvedic medicine and an expert Ayurveda consultant from Chandigarh and practicing in Mohali, India. He is spreading the knowledge of Ayurveda – Ancient healing system of India, not only in India but also abroad. He is CEO and Founder of Planet Ayurveda Products, Planet Ayurveda Clinic and Krishna Herbal Company. Read more – www.planetayurveda.com/curriculum-vitae.htm


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